Compare and constrast (Or: Dutch class 22 by ROC Mondriaan)

The main grammar that we had this week was de vergrotende trap (comparative) and de overtreffende trap (superlative).

English: good, better, best
Dutch: goed, beter, het best(e)

Dutch comparative and superlative

trap in Dutch means stairs. Officially this chapter only comparatives, although we’ve had both a few times in the last week. For me it’s one of those things where I just “use it”, but don’t exactly know the rules behind it in either language.

Comparative –

bijvoeglijk naamwoord + er:
groot -> groter (big, bigger)
klein -> kleiner (small, smaller)

As you can see, English has the same basic rule – add -er. Sometimes you have to add -der, though – when the noun ends in r.

bijvoeglijk naamwoord + der:
donker -> donkerder (dark, darker)
lekker -> lekkerder (tasty, tastier)

And then the words that don’t fit the pattern at all, just make kids and students crazy:

veel -> meer              (much -> more)
weinig -> minder        (little -> less)
graag -> liever           (like -> prefer)
goed -> beter            (good -> better)

Patat is lekkerder dan spaghetti. Fries are tastier than spaghetti.

Een auto is kleiner dan een vliegtuig. A car is smaller than an airplane.

If you want to say the two objects are the same, you have a few choices:

even … als (or: evenveel … als)
net zo … als
English (just as … as)

De blauwe sjaal is even mooi als de rode sjaal. The blue scarf is just as pretty as the red scarf.

And there you have it – comparatives or de vergrotende trap. Perhaps I can cover superlatives and de overtreffende trap.

Advertisements
Categories: Courses | Tags: | Leave a comment

Post navigation

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

Create a free website or blog at WordPress.com.

Invading Holland

The story of an accident prone Englishman living in The Netherlands.

100Words

the adventures of an American living with a Dutchie

Fauzia's blog

The way I see it

Eers

I'm a girl. I bake stuff. I take pictures of cats. I sell books. And I write nonsense. Welcome to my world.

Maria Victoria Smith

The many opinions of a British girl with a Dutch obsession

Expat Since Birth

a blog by a plurilingual expat-since-birth, linguist, researcher, mum of three, living in the Netherlands and writing about bilingualism, multiculturalism, parenting abroad, international life...

A Flamingo in Italy

Exploring the art, culture, food and more of Italy in general, and Bologna in particular

Roselinde on the Road

Exploring the world to find new perspectives

blewbird

tussen de randstad en de zee

%d bloggers like this: